Fabio, is a first-year PhD student at the Centre for Research Training in Artificial Intelligence, University College Cork.
His research is in the field of EEG data analysis and applied Machine Learning (ML) which is a subfield of Artificial Intelligence applied to Medicine that is concerned with tools and techniques to produce diagnostic instruments for clinicians in the field of Paediatrics such as EEG abnormalities and patterns detection.
Fabio holds a BSc. In Nursing and an MSc. in Computer Science. Prior to joining the CRT-AI funded PhD programme, Fabio worked as a Research Assistant on the Delphi project at Infant Research Centre in Cork University Hospital. The project aimed to produce a ML model to detect and classify Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE) in EEG data of term babies. Fabio has also experience working as a Nurse, both in Beaumont Hospital (Dublin) and the Italian Red Cross, and as a Software Developer in University College Dublin (UCD). In his spare time, Fabio enjoys DIY, software development and electronics.
Fabio’s planned thesis title is: “Machine Learning for the prediction of seizures in neonates”
Neonatal seizures are a relatively common occurrence within the first days of life. They can result in highly debilitating and long-lasting injuries for the patient. However, neonatal seizures’ often sudden and subclinical nature makes it more challenging for clinicians to diagnose and take timely action having to rely solely on EEG interpretation in a fast-paced and evolving clinical setting.
The PhD study aims to address the lack of neonatal seizure prediction algorithms using Machine Learning (ML).
The advantage of an ML approach is twofold: first, by extracting all relevant information, which is often not possible in a manual or visual process; and second, these methods lead to an automated solution that could be integrated cot side for continuous, around the clock monitoring. While seizure prediction is still a novel field, this research aims to build on the current knowledge in seizure detection and severity classification of abnormal EEG, to identify patterns indicative of seizure events and exploit any significant correlation with diverse clinical data.
Fabio is a strong advocate of open and organised data sharing within research centres. For this reason, some
of the early efforts of his PhD have been on developing a ML competition platform and running a ML
Competition for the Classification of Abnormal EEG Background Activity in Newborn Infants, available at
 John M. O’Toole et al. Neonatal EEG Graded for Severity of Background Abnormalities. Version 1.0. Zenodo, May2022. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.6587973. URL: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6587973. John M O’Toole et al. Neonatal EEG graded for severity of background abnormalities in hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopa- thy. 2022. DOI: 10.48550/ARXIV.2206.04420. URL: https://arxiv.org/abs/2206.04420.